On the minimum delay peer-to-peer video streaming: How realtime can it be?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


P2P systems exploit the uploading bandwidth of individual peers to distribute content at low server cost. While the P2P bandwidth sharing design is very efficient for bandwidth sensitive applications, it imposes a fundamental performance constraint for delay sensitive applications: the uploading bandwidth of a peer cannot be utilized to upload a piece of content until it completes the download of that content. This constraint sets up a limit on how fast a piece of content can be disseminated to all peers in a P2P system. In this paper, we theoretically study the impact of this inherent delay constraint and derive the minimum delay bounds for realtime P2P streaming systems. We show that the bandwidth heterogeneity among peers can be exploited to significantly improve the delay performance of all peers. We further propose a simple snow-ball streaming algorithm to approach the minimum delay bound in realtime P2P video streaming. Our analysis suggests that the proposed algorithm has better delay performance and more robust than existing tree-based streaming solutions. Insights brought forth by our study can be used to guide the design of new P2P systems with shorter startup delays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fifteenth ACM International Conference on Multimedia, MM'07
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 2007
Event15th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, MM'07 - Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany
Duration: Sep 24 2007Sep 29 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM International Multimedia Conference and Exhibition


Other15th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, MM'07
CityAugsburg, Bavaria


  • Delay bound
  • Peer-to-peer streaming
  • Realtime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science


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