On the propagation of a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave through a temporal interface between air and a magneto plasma

Spencer P. Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is shown that a right-hand/left-hand circularly polarized wave propagating along the magnetic field is converted to three waves by a suddenly created plasma. The right-hand circularly polarized wave is converted to two forward (R-mode and slow R-mode of the magnetoplasma) and one backward (L-mode) propagating waves; and in the left-hand circular polarization case, the wave is converted to one forward (L-mode) and two backward (R-mode and slow R-mode) propagating waves. As the background magnetic field approaches zero, the slow R-mode converts to a wiggler magnetic field, which is found in the unmagnetized case. Conservation of wave energy and power flux in the mode conversion is verified. Using the Abraham expression as the relationship between the momentum and energy of a photon in a dielectric medium, conservation of momentum in the mode conversion is also demonstrated. When a strong magnetic field is embedded in the background, a suddenly created low-density plasma can achieve a large frequency upshift on a right-hand circularly polarized wave.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8845776
Pages (from-to)4599-4605
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • EM propagation in plasma media
  • Electromagnetic (EM) analysis
  • frequency conversion
  • time-domain analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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