On the requirements for successful GPS spoofing attacks

Nils Ole Tippenhauer, Christina Pöpper, Kasper B. Rasmussen, Srdjan Čapkun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An increasing number of wireless applications rely on GPS signals for localization, navigation, and time synchronization. However, civilian GPS signals are known to be susceptible to spoofing attacks which make GPS receivers in range believe that they reside at locations different than their real physical locations. In this paper, we investigate the requirements for successful GPS spoofing attacks on individuals and groups of victims with civilian or military GPS receivers. In particular, we are interested in identifying from which locations and with which precision the attacker needs to generate its signals in order to successfully spoof the receivers. We will show, for example, that any number of receivers can easily be spoofed to one arbitrary location; however, the attacker is restricted to only few transmission locations when spoofing a group of receivers while preserving their constellation. In addition, we investigate the practical aspects of a satellite-lock takeover, in which a victim receives spoofed signals after first being locked on to legitimate GPS signals. Using a civilian GPS signal generator, we perform a set of experiments and find the minimal precision of the attacker's spoofing signals required for covert satellite-lock takeover.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCCS'11 - Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
Pages75-85
Number of pages11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS'11 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Oct 17 2011Oct 21 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security
ISSN (Print)1543-7221

Other

Other18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS'11
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period10/17/1110/21/11

Keywords

  • Experimentation
  • Security

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the requirements for successful GPS spoofing attacks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Tippenhauer, N. O., Pöpper, C., Rasmussen, K. B., & Čapkun, S. (2011). On the requirements for successful GPS spoofing attacks. In CCS'11 - Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security (pp. 75-85). (Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security). https://doi.org/10.1145/2046707.2046719