Using a lattice model of protein folding, we find that once certain native contacts have been formed, folding to the native state is inevitable, even if the only energetic bias in the system is nonspecific, homopolymeric attraction to a collapsed state. These conformations can be quite geometrically unrelated to the native state (with as low as only 53% of the native contacts formed). We demonstrate these results by examining the Monte Carlo kinetics of both heteropolymers under Go interactions and homopolymers, with the folding of both types of polymers to the native state of the heteropolymer. Although we only consider a 48-mer lattice model, our findings shed light on the effects of geometrical restrictions, including those of chain connectivity and steric excluded volume, on protein folding. These effects play a complementary role to that of the rugged energy landscape. In addition, the results of this work can aid in the interpretation of experiments and computer simulations of protein folding performed at elevated temperatures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry