Optically Enhanced Solid-State 1H NMR Spectroscopy

Federico De Biasi, Michael A. Hope, Claudia E. Avalos, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Gilles Casano, Aditya Mishra, Saumya Badoni, Gabriele Stevanato, Dominik J. Kubicki, Jonas Milani, Jean Philippe Ansermet, Aaron J. Rossini, Moreno Lelli, Olivier Ouari, Lyndon Emsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Low sensitivity is the primary limitation to extending nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques to more advanced chemical and structural studies. Photochemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (photo-CIDNP) is an NMR hyperpolarization technique where light is used to excite a suitable donor-acceptor system, creating a spin-correlated radical pair whose evolution drives nuclear hyperpolarization. Systems that exhibit photo-CIDNP in solids are not common, and this effect has, up to now, only been observed for 13C and 15N nuclei. However, the low gyromagnetic ratio and natural abundance of these nuclei trap the local hyperpolarization in the vicinity of the chromophore and limit the utility for bulk hyperpolarization. Here, we report the first example of optically enhanced solid-state 1H NMR spectroscopy in the high-field regime. This is achieved via photo-CIDNP of a donor-chromophore-acceptor molecule in a frozen solution at 0.3 T and 85 K, where spontaneous spin diffusion among the abundant strongly coupled 1H nuclei relays polarization through the whole sample, yielding a 16-fold bulk 1H signal enhancement under continuous laser irradiation at 450 nm. These findings enable a new strategy for hyperpolarized NMR beyond the current limits of conventional microwave-driven DNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14874-14883
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jul 12 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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