The development of an optimal low-calcium alkali-activated binder for high-temperature stability based on ferronickel slag, silica fume, potassium hydroxide, and potassium silicate was investigated based on Mixture Design of Experiment (Mixture DOE). Mass loss, shrinkage/expan-sion, and compressive and flexural strengths before and after exposure to a high thermal load (900 °C for two hours) were selected as performance markers. Chemical activator minimization was con-sidered in the selection of the optimal mix to reduce CO2 emissions. Unheated 42-day compressive strength was found to be as high as 99.6 MPa whereas the 42-day residual compressive strength after exposure to the high temperature reached 35 MPa (results pertaining to different mixes). Sim-ilarly, the maximum unheated 42-day flexural strength achieved was 8.8 MPa, and the maximum residual flexural strength after extreme temperature exposure was 2.5 MPa. The binder showed comparable properties to other alkali-activated ones already studied and a superior thermal performance when compared to Ordinary Portland Cement. A quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis was performed on selected hardened mixes, and fayalite was found to be an important component in the optimal formulation. A life-cycle analysis was performed to study the CO2 savings, which cor-responded to 55% for economic allocation.
- alkali-activated materials (AAM)
- design of experiment (DOE)
- life cycle assessment (LCA)
- response surface method (RSM)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics