In frequency-domain optical tomography (FDOT) the quality of the reconstruction result is affected by the choice of the source-modulation frequency. In general the accuracy of the reconstructed image should improve as the source-modulation frequency increases. However, this is only true for noise-free data. Experimental data is typically corrupted by noise and the accuracy is compromised. Assuming the validity of the widely used shot noise model, one can show that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the amplitude signal decreases with increasing frequency, whereas the SNR of the phase shift reaches peak values in the range between 400 MHz and 800 MHz. As a consequence, it can be assumed that there exists an optimal frequency for which the reconstruction accuracy would be highest. To determine optimal frequencies for FDOT, we investigate here the frequency dependence of optical tomographic reconstruction results using the frequency-domain equation of radiative transfer. We present numerical and experimental studies with a focus on small tissue volumes, as encountered in small animal and human finger imaging. Best reconstruction results were achieved in the 600-800 MHz frequency range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics