Oscillation mode linewidths of main-sequence and subgiant stars observed by Kepler

T. Appourchaux, O. Benomar, M. Gruberbauer, W. J. Chaplin, R. A. García, R. Handberg, G. A. Verner, H. M. Antia, T. L. Campante, G. R. Davies, S. Deheuvels, S. Hekker, R. Howe, D. Salabert, T. R. Bedding, T. R. White, G. Houdek, V. Silva Aguirre, Y. P. Elsworth, J. Van CleveB. D. Clarke, J. R. Hall, H. Kjeldsen

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Abstract

Context. Solar-like oscillations have been observed by Kepler and CoRoT in several solar-type stars. Aims. We study the variations in the stellar p-mode linewidth as a function of effective temperature. Methods. We study a time series of nine months of Kepler data. We analyse the power spectra of 42 cool main-sequence stars and subgiants using both maximum likelihood estimators and Bayesian estimators to recover individual mode characteristics such as frequencies, linewidths, and mode heights. Results. We report on the mode linewidth at both maximum power and maximum mode height for these 42 stars as a function of effective temperature. Conclusions. We show that the mode linewidth at either maximum mode height or maximum amplitude follows a scaling relation with effective temperature, which is a combination of a power law and a lower bound. The typical power-law index is about 13 for the linewidth derived from the maximum mode height, and about 16 for the linewidth derived from the maximum amplitude, while the lower bound is about 0.3 μHz and 0.7 μHz, respectively. We stress that this scaling relation is only valid for cool main-sequence stars and subgiants, and does not have any predictive power outside the temperature range of these stars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA134
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume537
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2012

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Keywords

  • asteroseismology
  • methods: data analysis
  • stars: solar-type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Appourchaux, T., Benomar, O., Gruberbauer, M., Chaplin, W. J., García, R. A., Handberg, R., Verner, G. A., Antia, H. M., Campante, T. L., Davies, G. R., Deheuvels, S., Hekker, S., Howe, R., Salabert, D., Bedding, T. R., White, T. R., Houdek, G., Silva Aguirre, V., Elsworth, Y. P., ... Kjeldsen, H. (2012). Oscillation mode linewidths of main-sequence and subgiant stars observed by Kepler. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 537, [A134]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201118496