Osseodensification effect on implants primary and secondary stability: Multicenter controlled clinical trial

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Abbas Zahoui, Raúl Bravo Barrera, Salah Huwais, Paulo G. Coelho, Edward Dwayne Karateew, Estevam A. Bonfante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Osseodensification (OD) has shown to improve implant stability; however, the influences of implant design, dimensions, and surgical site characteristics are unknown. Purpose: To compare the insertion torque (IT) and temporal implant stability quotients (ISQ) of implants placed via OD or subtractive drilling (SD). Materials and Methods: This multicenter controlled clinical trial enrolled 56 patients, whom were in need of at least 2 implants (n = 150 implants). Patients were treated with narrow, regular, or wide implants and short, regular, or long implants in the anterior or posterior region of the maxilla or in the posterior region of the mandible. Osteotomies were performed following manufacturers recommendation. IT was recorded with a torque indicator. ISQ was recorded with resonance frequency analysis immediately after surgery, 3 and 6 weeks. Results: Data complied as a function of osteotomy indicated significantly higher IT for OD relative to SD. OD outperformed conventional SD for all pairwise comparisons of arches (maxilla and mandible) and areas operated (anterior and posterior), diameters and lengths of the implants, except for short implants. Overall, ISQ data also demonstrated significantly higher values for OD compared to SD regardless of the healing period. Relative to immediate readings, ISQ values significantly decreased at 3 weeks, returning to immediate levels at 6 weeks; however, ISQ values strictly remained above 68 throughout healing time for OD. Data as a function of arch operated and osteotomy, area operated and osteotomy, implant dimensions and osteotomy, also exhibited higher ISQ values for OD relative to SD on pairwise comparisons, except for short implants. Conclusions: OD demonstrated higher IT and temporal ISQ values relative to SD, irrespective of arch and area operated as well as implant design and dimension, with an exception for short implants. Future studies should focus on biomechanical parameters and bone level change evaluation after loading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-328
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • clinical trial
  • dental implants
  • osseodensification
  • osseointegration
  • osteotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • General Dentistry


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