Out-of-Home Activities and Health in Older Adults: A Scoping Review

Shlomit Rotenberg, Heather Fritz, Tracy Chippendale, Catherine Lysack, Malcolm Cutchin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Participating in out-of-home (OOH) activities has been shown to benefit health in older adults. This scoping review aimed to describe the nature of the literature on OOH activities and health in community dwelling older adults, and the operationalization of OOH activity and health-related variables. We followed the Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines. Four databases were searched; studies were selected through title/abstract and full-text screening; and data on study characteristics, sample, and OOH activity and health-related variables were extracted, and summarized descriptively. Sixty articles were identified. There was a considerable focus on leisure and social activities (78% and 75%, respectively) but no predominant health-related outcome was identified. Few studies analyzed sex/gender and/or racial differences (25% and 2%, respectively). Future studies may include systematic reviews focused on health outcomes associated with social and leisure OOH activities; as well as gender-based and/or race-based differences in OOH and health relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalOTJR Occupation, Participation and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • activities of daily living
  • aging
  • community participation
  • health
  • scoping reviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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