Outgoing modal solutions for Galbrun's equation in helioseismology

Hélène Barucq, Florian Faucher, Damien Fournier, Laurent Gizon, Ha Pham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We construct modal outgoing Green's kernels for the simplified Galbrun's equation under spherical symmetry, in the context of helioseismology. The coefficients of the equation are C2 functions representing the solar interior model S, complemented with an isothermal atmospheric model. We solve the equation in vectorial spherical harmonics basis to obtain modal equations for the different components of the unknown wave motions. These equations are then decoupled and written in Schrödinger form, whose coefficients are shown to be C2 apart from at most two regular singular points, and to decay like a Coulomb potential at infinity. These properties allow us to construct an outgoing Green's kernel for each spherical mode. We also compute asymptotic expansions of coefficients up to order r−3 as r tends to infinity, and show numerically that their accuracy is improved by including the contribution from the gravity although this term is of order r−3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-530
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
StatePublished - Jun 15 2021


  • Galbrun's equation
  • Helioseismology
  • Indicial analysis
  • Long-range scattering
  • Modal outgoing Green's kernel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Outgoing modal solutions for Galbrun's equation in helioseismology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this