The Plio-Pleistocene Chiwondo Beds of Northern Malawi have yielded molluscs and fragmented remains of fish, turtles, crocodiles and large mammals. Destructive taphonomic processes due perhaps to the reworking of bones in beach environments and recent erosional processes has led to extensive deterioration of fossil material. Micro vertebrates and carnivores are virtually unrepresented in the assemblage. The fossil sample is insufficient for a reconstruction of palcocommunity structure, but has sufficient bovids to make a general statement of the ecology of the Chiwondo Beds. A further ecological interpretation of the paleolake Malawi is based on a comparative analogue developed from actualistic studies. The general ecological setting of the Malawi Rift during the Late Pliocene was a mosaic environment including open and closed, city and wet habitats, and which harbored a small and ecologically unstable palcolake Malawi.
- Vertebrate and invertebrate paleontology
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics