Parametric image reconstruction using the discrete cosine transform for optical tomograhy

Xuejun Gu, Kui Ren, James Masciotti, Andreas H. Hielscher

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


    It is well know that the inverse problem in optical tomography is highly ill-posed. The image reconstruction process is often unstable and non-unique, because the number of the boundary measurements data is far fewer than the number of the unknown parameters (optical properties) to be reconstructed. To overcome this problem one can either increase the number of measurement data (e.g. multi-spectral or mulit-frequency methods), or reduce the number of unknows (e.g. using prior structural information from other imaging modalities). In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for reducing the unknown parameters in the reconstruction process. The discrete cosine transform (DCT), which has long been used in image compression, is here employed to parameterize the reconstructed image. In general, only a few DCT coefficient are needed to describe the main features in an image, and the number of unknowns in the image reconstruction process can be drastically reduced. Numerical as well as experimental examples are shown that illustrate the performance of the new code.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationOptical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VII
    StatePublished - 2007
    EventOptical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VII - San Jose, CA, United States
    Duration: Jan 21 2007Jan 24 2007

    Publication series

    NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
    ISSN (Print)1605-7422


    ConferenceOptical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VII
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CitySan Jose, CA


    • Discrete cosine transform
    • Equation of radiative transfer
    • Optical tomography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Biomaterials
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


    Dive into the research topics of 'Parametric image reconstruction using the discrete cosine transform for optical tomograhy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this