Parametrization and Estimation of High-Rank Line-of-Sight MIMO Channels with Reflected Paths

Yaqi Hu, Mingsheng Yin, Sundeep Rangan, Marco Mezzavilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-rank line-of-sight (LOS) MIMO systems have attracted considerable attention for millimeter wave and THz communications. The small wavelengths in these frequencies enable spatial multiplexing with massive data rates at long distances. Such systems are also being considered for multi-path non-LOS (NLOS) environments. In these scenarios, standard channel models based on plane waves cannot capture the curvature of each wave front necessary to model spatial multiplexing. This work presents a novel and simple multi-path wireless channel parametrization where each path is replaced by a LOS path with a reflected image source. The model is fully valid for all paths with specular planar reflections, and captures the spherical nature of each wave front. Importantly, it is shown that the model uses only two additional parameters relative to the standard plane wave model. Moreover, the parameters can be easily captured in standard ray tracing. The accuracy of the approach is demonstrated on detailed ray tracing simulations at 28GHz and 140GHz in a dense urban area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3808-3822
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024


  • MmWave
  • THz communication
  • channel models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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