Parental Wellbeing, Parenting and Child Development in Ghanaian Families with Young Children

Keng Yen Huang, Lindsay A. Bornheimer, Ernestina Dankyi, Ama de-Graft Aikins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Approximately one-third of early childhood pupils in Ghana are struggling with meeting basic behavioral and developmental milestones, but little is known about mechanisms or factors that contribute to poor early childhood development. With a lack of developmental research to guide intervention or education program and policy planning, this study aimed to address these research gaps by examining a developmental mechanism for early childhood development. We tested a mediational mechanism model that examined the influence of parental wellbeing on parenting and children’s development. Two hundred and sixty-two Ghanaian parents whose children attended early childhood classes (nursery to 3rd grade) were recruited. Data were gathered through parent interviews and Structural Equation Modeling was utilized to examine pathways of the model. Results support the mediational model that Ghanaian parents’ depression was associated with less optimal parenting, and in turn greater child externalizing behavioral problems. This study adds new evidence of cross cultural consistency in early childhood development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-841
Number of pages9
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Child development
  • Early childhood
  • Ghana
  • Parental depression
  • Parenting
  • Social emotion development
  • Social support
  • Wellbeing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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