Parenting stress and self-reported discipline strategies of Kenyan caregiving grandmothers

Paul Odhiambo Oburu, Kerstin Palmérus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study examined the discipline methods used and personal and social determinants of power assertive strategies amongst 113 part-time and 128 full-time adoptive grandmothers of Kenyan children aged 1-10 years. Most of these children had been orphaned by AIDS. Evidence obtained from the study suggested that these caregivers' employment of power assertive strategies were linked to the total stress experienced, educational attainment, and child age but not to the gender of children adopted. The results also indicated a higher prevalence of the assertive and behaviour modification strategies amongst participants over the mean age of 62 years, respondents having basic education (1-12yrs), and those dealing with transgressions of children aged 6 years and above. Coercive verbal forms of control were mainly used by younger grandmothers, or caregivers of children aged less than 6 years. The least preferred inductive strategies were employed by younger respondents, persons lacking formal education, or those dealing with children of both gender aged below 6 years. These findings suggested that the antecedents of power assertive strategies lay both within personal and contextual factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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