Patient and provider acceptance of oral HIV screening in a dental school setting

David D. Nassry, Joan A. Phelan, Miganoush Ghookasian, Cheryl A. Barber, Robert G. Norman, Madeleine M. Lloyd, Andrew Schenkel, Daniel Malamud, William R. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended routine HIV screening in health care settings regardless of the patient's level of risk. This pilot study was developed in response to the suggestion by some health care professionals that dental settings would be appropriate for expansion of HIV testing. This project consisted of two parts: oral fluid HIV testing of patients in the clinic of a dental school and a survey of the clinical dental faculty members' attitudes about acceptability of routine HIV testing in the dental clinic. When patients' agreement to participate in oral fluid HIV testing was examined, 8.2 percent of the patients contacted by the clinic administration staff completed testing. When approached by a faculty member or student during the dental visit admission and tested during the dental visit, however, 88.2 percent completed testing. Of the faculty members who took the survey, 27.4 percent were neutral, 26.4 percent were somewhat in agreement, and 32.1 percent were willing to incorporate HIV testing into routine dental care. In this pilot study, HIV testing of dental patients was most successful when a dental care provider approached patients about testing. If consent was given, the testing was performed during the visit. For the faculty members, the major barrier to testing was a lack of protocol familiarity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1150-1155
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of dental education
Volume76
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Dental faculty
  • Dental school clinics
  • HIV testing in a dental setting
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Oral diagnosis
  • Oral fluid diagnostic
  • Patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Nassry, D. D., Phelan, J. A., Ghookasian, M., Barber, C. A., Norman, R. G., Lloyd, M. M., Schenkel, A., Malamud, D., & Abrams, W. R. (2012). Patient and provider acceptance of oral HIV screening in a dental school setting. Journal of dental education, 76(9), 1150-1155.