Patient-centered care's relationship with substance use disorder treatment utilization

Sunggeun (Ethan) Park, Jennifer E. Mosley, Colleen M. Grogan, Harold A. Pollack, Keith Humphreys, Thomas D'Aunno, Peter D. Friedmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Calls for more patient-centered care are growing in the substance use disorder (SUD) treatment field. However, evidence is sparse regarding whether patient-centered care improves access to, or utilization of, effective treatment services. Methods: Using nationally representative survey data from SUD treatment clinics in the United States, we examine the association between patient-centered clinical care and the utilization of six services: methadone, buprenorphine, behavioral treatment, routine medical care, HIV testing, and suicide prevention counseling. We measured clinics' practice of and emphasis on patient-centered care with two variables: (1) whether the clinic regularly invites patients into clinical decision-making processes, and (2) whether supervisors believe in patient-centered healthcare and shared decision-making practices within their clinics. Results: In 2017, only 23% of SUD treatment clinics regularly invited patients into care decision-making meetings when their cases were discussed. A composite variable captured clinical supervisors' own experience with and expectations for patient-clinician interaction within their clinics (Cronbach's alpha = 0.79). Results from regression models that controlled for several organizational and environmental factors show that patient-centered care was independently associated with greater utilization of four of six evidence-based services. Conclusions: A minority of SUD clinics practice patient-centered healthcare in the United States. Given the connection to evidence-based services, increasing participatory mechanisms in SUD treatment service provision can facilitate patients' access to appropriate and evidence-based services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108125
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume118
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Co-production
  • Patient-centered care
  • Service utilization
  • Substance use disorder treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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