This paper examines the problem of pattern-preserving path following control for unicycle teams with time-varying communication delay. A key strategy used here introduces a virtual vehicle formation such that each real vehicle has a corresponding virtual vehicle as its pursuit target. Under an input-driven consensus protocol, the virtual vehicle formation is forced to stay close to the desired vehicle formation; and a novel controller design is proposed to achieve virtual leader tracking for each vehicle with constrained motion. It is shown that, by the proposed strategy, the pattern can be preserved if the formation speed is less than some computable value that decreases with increasing size of delay, and the exact desired formation pattern can be eventually achieved if this speed tends to zero.
- Multi-vehicle control
- Nonlinear control
- Potential function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications