Peer-driven interventions in Vietnam and China to prevent HIV: A pilot study targeting injection drug users

Robert S. Broadhead, Theodore M. Hammett, Ryan Kling, Doan Ngu, W. E.I. Liu, Yi Chen, Hoang Ngoc Quyen, Kieu Thanh Binh, Hoang Van Tren, Casey Borch, Gordon Gauchat, Don C. Des Jarlais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The HIV epidemic in China and Vietnam is on the increase among injection drug users (IDUs). We report on the results of a pilot outreach study in northern Vietnam and southern China to test the feasibility of a peer-driven intervention (PDI) to prevent HIV among IDUs. In the PDI, recruitment relies on a "chain-referral" model in which IDUs carry-out the core outreach activities that salaried outreach-workers/ peer-educators traditionally provide. A 6-month follow-up was built into the study design to measure possible changes in IDUs' risk behaviors. The impact results of the pilot study are reported bearing on several different measures, such as changes in IDUs'rates of lending or borrowing used syringes, willingness to enter into drug treatment, baseline and follow-up recruitment success, and effectiveness of serving as peer-educators in the community. The evidence suggests the PDI is highly feasible and deserving of greater research in both China and Vietnam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-850
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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