Perceived discrimination and psychotic experiences across multiple ethnic groups in the United States

Hans Oh, Lawrence H. Yang, Deidre M. Anglin, Jordan E. DeVylder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychotic experiences (PE) using validated measures of discrimination and a racially/ethnically diverse population-level sample. Methods: Data were drawn from two population-level surveys (The National Latino and Asian American Survey and The National Survey of American Life), which were analyzed together using survey weights and stratification variables. The analytic sample (N= 8990) consisted of Latino, Asian, African-American, and Afro-Caribbean adults living in the United States. Separate unadjusted and adjusted multivariable logistic regression models were used, first to examine the crude bivariate relationship between perceived discrimination and PE, and second to examine the relationship adjusting for demographic variables. Adjusted logistic regression models were also used to examine the relationships between perceived discrimination and specific sub-types of PE (auditory and visual hallucinatory experiences, and delusional ideation). Results: When compared to individuals who did not report any discrimination, those who reported the highest levels of discrimination were significantly more likely to report both 12-month PE (Adjusted OR. = . 4.590, p<. 0.001) and lifetime PE (adjusted OR. = . 4.270, p<. 0.001). This held true for visual hallucinatory experiences (adjusted OR. = . 3.745, p<. 0.001), auditory hallucinatory experiences (adjusted OR. = . 5.649, p<. 0.001), and delusional ideation (adjusted OR. = . 7.208, p<. 0.001). Conclusion: Perceived discrimination is associated with the increased probability of reporting psychotic experiences in a linear Fashion in the US general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume157
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • CPES
  • NLAAS
  • NSAL
  • Perceived discrimination
  • Psychotic experience
  • Sub-threshold psychosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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