Perceived family and peer transactions and self-esteem among urban early adolescents

Ann Roberts, Edward Seidman, Sara Pedersen, Daniel Chesir-Teran, LaRue Allen, J. Lawrence Aber, Valkiria Duran, JoAnn Hsueh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This research extends previous work that identified groups of youth characterized by profiles of perceived family and peer transactions. Predictions derived from self-enhancement and self-consistency theories concerning how such transactions might relate to self-esteem in a diverse sample of early adolescents (N = 635) were investigated. Both theories indicate independent contributions of family and peer transactions to self-esteem. The theories differ, however, with regard to implications for how the two microsystems might interrelate in their linkages with self-esteem, with self-enhancement theory implying a moderational model and self-consistency theory a mediational model. As predicted family and peer profiles each made independent contributions to the prediction of self-esteem. Consistent with self-consistency theory, the relations of family transactions to self-esteem were mediated in part by their associations with peer transactions, with particularly strong linkages evident between qualitatively similar profiles of family and peer experiences. Support for a moderational model, however, was not found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-92
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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