Perception of Recovery Orientation as a Predictor of Clinician Turnover in Community Mental Health Clinics

Abigail M. Ross, Mimi Choy-Brown, Yuanyuan Hu, Olivia Varas, Victoria Stanhope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Turnover in community mental health clinics threaten the delivery of quality behavioral health services; recovery orientation has been shown to be associated with lower levels of burnout but its relationship with actual turnover has not yet been examined. This study aimed to examine the relationship between provider perceptions of recovery orientation and 12-month turnover status among community mental health providers. Secondary data analyses were conducted with data collected from 224 community mental health providers from ten organizations across 14 clinic sites participating in a larger effectiveness-implementation trial. Chi square analyses were used to examine between-site variation in 1-year turnover rates among the ten organizations. Logistic regression was used to examine effects of perceptions of recovery orientation along with known predictors of turnover among community mental health providers. Results revealed no between-site variation in organizational turnover rates. The logistic regression model was statistically significant, χ2(17) = 47.64, p <.0001 and explaining 30% (Nagelkerke R2) of within-site variance and correctly classifying 79% of cases. Perceptions of recovery orientation emerged as the sole significant predictor of 12-month turnover status, with higher levels of recovery orientation significantly associated with lower odds of turnover at 12 months [B =.90, p =.008, OR 2.47 (95% CI 1.23, 4.82)]. Perceptions of recovery orientation was protective against 12-month turnover status suggesting that a more person-centered and empowering approach to care may improve the provider experience. More research is needed to further understand how recovery orientation can contribute to workforce stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalAdministration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Community mental health
  • Recovery orientation
  • Turnover
  • Humans
  • Personnel Turnover
  • Community Mental Health Services
  • Perception
  • Mental Health
  • Burnout, Professional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health Policy
  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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