Perceptions of stigma in youth at clinical high risk for psychosis and depressive symptomatology

Luz Maria Alliende, Gregory P. Strauss, Lawrence H. Yang, Vijay Anand Mittal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is unclear what types of stigma youth at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) experience, and the relationship between them and symptomatology. 94 CHR youth, and a control group of 45 youth with no psychosis spectrum symptoms (NP) were rated for perceived devaluation (i.e. negative views from others) and internalized mental health stigma (i.e. the extent to which they would agree with said views) as well as positive and mood symptomatology. CHR youth reported stigma more frequently than the NP group (χ2(1) = 53.55, p < .001) and at higher levels (perceived devaluation: t (137) = 8.54, p < .001; internalized stigma: t (137) = 7.48, p < .001). Surprisingly, in the CHR group, positive symptoms held no significant relationship to stigma measures. However, ratings of perceived devaluation stigma were associated with depressive symptomatology (β = 0.27, t = 2.68, p = .0087) and depression scores were conversely associated with perceived devaluation stigma (β = 0.30, t = 2.05, p = .043). These findings speak to the relationship between depressive symptomatology and perceived devaluation stigma in CHR youth. Perceived devaluation stigma showed greater clinical significance and could have different mechanisms than internalized stigma in CHR youth. It is also noteworthy that while positive symptoms play a central role in defining the CHR syndrome, they seem less relevant to the experience of stigma than mood symptoms. These findings highlight the importance of interventions aimed at ameliorating youth's exposure to negative views about mental health as those managing depressive symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalSchizophrenia Research
StatePublished - Jul 2024


  • Clinical high risk for psychosis
  • Depression
  • Internalized stigma
  • Perceived devaluation stigma
  • Positive symptoms
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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