Periodontal disease in a young Romanian convenience sample: Radiographic assessment

Simona Ioana Hategan, Angela Ruth Kamer, Cosmin Sinescu, Ronald George Craig, Anca Jivanescu, Andrei Mihai Gavrilovici, Meda Lavinia Negrutiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The goal of this study was to determine the distribution of periodontal disease in a population seeking oral rehabilitation in a Romanian prosthodontics department and to identify the factors associated with each type of periodontal condition. Methods: The study population consisted of patients presenting consecutively to the Prosthodontics Department of the Faculty of Dental Medicine, Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara. The diagnosis and classification of periodontal conditions, as well as dental pathologies and conditions, were based on examination of panoramic radiographs. A standardized questionnaire was administered to obtain socio-demographic characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, education, residency, marital status), medical history, dental/periodontal history (family history of periodontal disease), and behavior (smoking, brushing, flossing and regular cleaning). Results: Among subjects presenting to the Prosthodontics department, only 34.2% were periodontal disease-free and 65.8% had periodontal disease, of which 11.4% had aggressive periodontitis. In univariate models, age, education, marital status, smoking, and tooth number were associated with chronic periodontitis. Age, education, family history, smoking, and tooth number were associated with aggressive periodontitis. However, in a multivariable model, only age, tooth number and family history were significant. Conclusions: This study found a high prevalence of periodontal disease in patients seeking oral rehabilitation from the Prosthodontics department. Age, tooth number and family history of periodontal disease were associated with the type of periodontal disease. These results suggest the need for periodontal examination prior to prosthetic oral rehabilitation in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2019

Keywords

  • Bone loss
  • Periodontal disease
  • Prevalence
  • Radiographic assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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