Person-centered planning in mental health: A transatlantic collaboration to tackle implementation barriers

Emma Miller, Victoria Stanhope, Maria Restrepo-Toro, Janis Tondora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Collaborative, person-centered approaches to care planning are increasingly recognized as instrumental in supporting attainment of personal recovery outcomes. Yet, though much is known about factors that support person-centered planning, successful implementation often remains an elusive goal. This article reviews international efforts to promote person-centered care planning (PCCP) in the context of a randomized clinical trial in the United States and in the Meaningful and Measurable initiative, a collaborative action research project involving diverse provider organizations in Scotland. The authors review the history of international efforts to implement PCCP and offer preliminary evidence regarding its positive impact on both process outcomes (e.g., the nature of the primary therapeutic relationship and the service-user’s experience) and personal recovery outcomes (e.g., quality of life, community belonging, and valued roles). PCCP will be defined through descriptions of key principles and practices as they relate to both relational aspects (e.g., shifts in stakeholder roles and conversations) and documentation/recording aspects (e.g., how person-centered relationships are captured in written or electronic records). Similarities and differences between the United States and Scottish experiences of PCCP are highlighted and a series of recommendations offered to further implementation of this essential recovery-oriented practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-267
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017


  • mental health
  • outcomes
  • person-centered care
  • person-centered planning
  • recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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