Personalized Channel Recommendation Deep Learning from a Switch Sequence

Can Yang, Sixuan Ren, Yong Liu, Houwei Cao, Qihu Yuan, Guoqiang Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Internet protocol TV (IPTV) services could enhance personalized viewing experience in a more interactive way than traditional broadcast TV systems, but it is still difficult for subscribers to quickly find interesting channels to watch from a huge selection. This paper focuses on a framework for personalized live channel recommending via deep learning from a historical switching sequence with a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network. Using real-world IPTV watching logs, we first obtained insights into user behaviors when watching live channels, and then proposed a learning scheme on how to dynamically generate a recommended channel list for each user with an independent LSTM net trained using the channel watching history during a slide window. For designing a good data architecture and representation scheme for a dynamically learning framework, we then studied the performance of the proposed recommendation method by varying the width of the slide window for training, the length of input sequence for prediction, and the mode to process input and label space. We finally developed a separate learning method to fairly recommend for popular (hot) or unpopular (cold) channels, respectively, based on channel popularity in the training set with an extra price of a possible hit lag after recommendation, in order to alleviate the Matthew effect arising from the conventional recommendation based on historical information. The experimental results show LSTM succeeds in learning from a historical channel switching sequence, outperforms several baseline recommendation methods, especially for hot channels, and the classified recommendation by separate learning brings an overall performance gain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8458124
Pages (from-to)50824-50838
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - Sep 7 2018


  • Deep learning
  • IPTV
  • long-short term memory
  • recommender systems
  • recurrent neural networks
  • separate learning
  • user behavior analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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