Perspective: Novel Approaches to Evaluate Dietary Quality: Combining Methods to Enhance Measurement for Dietary Surveillance and Interventions

Maya K. Vadiveloo, Filippa Juul, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Niyati Parekh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Refining existing dietary assessment methods to reduce measurement error and facilitate the routine evaluation of dietary quality is essential to inform health policy. Notable advancements in technology in the past decade have enhanced the precision and transformation of dietary assessment methods with applications toward both population health and precision nutrition. Within population health, innovative applications of big data including use of automatically collected food purchasing data, quantitative measurement of food environments, and novel, yet simplified dietary quality metrics provide important complementary data to traditional self-report methods. Precision nutrition is similarly advancing with greater use of validated biomarkers for assessing dietary patterns and understanding individual variability in metabolism. Concurrently enhancing our understanding of diet-disease relations at the population health and precision nutrition levels provides tremendous potential to generate evidence needed to advance public health nutrition policy. This commentary highlights the importance of these advances toward progressing the field of dietary assessment and discusses the application of food purchasing data, data analytics, alternative dietary quality metrics, and -omics technology in population and clinical medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1009-1015
Number of pages7
JournalAdvances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.)
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • multidimensional diet assessment
  • NOVA classification
  • nutrigenomics
  • personalized dietary guidance
  • population health
  • precision nutrition
  • technological advancement in dietary assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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