Perspectives on next steps in classification of oro-facial pain - part 2: Role of psychosocial factors

J. Durham, K. G. Raphael, R. Benoliel, W. Ceusters, A. Michelotti, R. Ohrbach

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Summary: This study was initiated by a symposium, in which the present authors contributed, organised by the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network in March 2013. The purpose of the study was to review the status of biobehavioural research - both quantitative and qualitative - related to oro-facial pain (OFP) with respect to the aetiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of OFP conditions, and how this information can optimally be used for developing a structured OFP classification system for research. In particular, we address representation of psychosocial entities in classification systems, use of qualitative research to identify and understand the full scope of psychosocial entities and their interaction, and the usage of classification system for guiding treatment. We then provide recommendations for addressing these problems, including how ontological principles can inform this process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)942-955
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of oral rehabilitation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • Biopsychosocial
  • Classification
  • Ontology
  • Oro-facial pain
  • Temporomandibular disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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