Perspectives on the role of exercise in the treatment of pediatric type 1 diabetes

Jeniece R. Ilkowitz, Fen Wu, Yu Chen, Mary P. Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Studies demonstrate that children with type 1 diabetes may not be meeting exercise recommendations. This, coupled with the lack of data on the determinants of exercise promotion in youth, may indicate a need for additional focus on exercise guidelines and promotion in youth with type 1 diabetes. Objective: The objective of this study is to understand provider perspectives regarding exercise promotion in children with type 1 diabetes. Subjects and methods: An online survey regarding perspectives on exercise was emailed to Pediatric Endocrine Society members. Results: Of the 84 respondents, 85.5% believe counseling regarding exercise recommendations is a priority. However, 87.8% did not identify Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) guidelines correctly and 79.3% did not identify American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines correctly. Providers who exercised regularly (P =.009) and providers who identified ODPHP guidelines correctly (P =.004) were more likely to identify ADA guidelines correctly. Providers who identified ADA guidelines correctly were 4.21 times (OR 4.21; 95% CI 1.30-13.7) more likely to make good recommendations and those who discussed recommendations at diagnosis were 6.10 times (OR 6.10; 95% CI 1.76-21.2) more likely to make good recommendations. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate provider perspectives of exercise promotion in children with type 1 diabetes. We found provider recommendations were not consistent with ADA exercise guidelines and most providers were not fully aware of the recommendations. Future research should address increasing provider education regarding exercise guidelines and developing exercise promotion tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-472
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Diabetes
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • diabetes mellitus
  • education
  • exercise
  • pediatrics
  • referral and consultation
  • type 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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