TY - JOUR

T1 - Perturbations of the self-accelerated Universe

AU - Deffayet, Cédric

AU - Gabadadze, Gregory

AU - Iglesias, Alberto

PY - 2006/8/1

Y1 - 2006/8/1

N2 - We discuss small perturbations on the self-accelerated solution of the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, and argue that claims of instability of the solution that are based on linearized calculations are unwarranted because of the following. (1) Small perturbations of an empty self-accelerated background can be quantized consistently without yielding ghosts. (2) Conformal sources, such as radiation, do not give rise to instabilities either. (3) A typical non-conformal source could introduce ghosts in the linearized approximation and become unstable; however, it also invalidates the approximation itself. Such a source creates a halo of variable curvature that locally dominates over the self-accelerated background and extends over a domain in which the linearization breaks down. Perturbations that are valid outside the halo may not continue inside, as is suggested by some non-perturbative solutions. (4) In the Euclidean continuation of the theory, with arbitrary sources, we derive certain constraints imposed by the second order equations on first order perturbations, thus restricting the linearized solutions that could be continued to the full non-linear theory. Naive linearized solutions fail to satisfy the above constraints. (5) Finally, we clarify in detail subtleties associated with the boundary conditions and analytic properties of the Green's functions.

AB - We discuss small perturbations on the self-accelerated solution of the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, and argue that claims of instability of the solution that are based on linearized calculations are unwarranted because of the following. (1) Small perturbations of an empty self-accelerated background can be quantized consistently without yielding ghosts. (2) Conformal sources, such as radiation, do not give rise to instabilities either. (3) A typical non-conformal source could introduce ghosts in the linearized approximation and become unstable; however, it also invalidates the approximation itself. Such a source creates a halo of variable curvature that locally dominates over the self-accelerated background and extends over a domain in which the linearization breaks down. Perturbations that are valid outside the halo may not continue inside, as is suggested by some non-perturbative solutions. (4) In the Euclidean continuation of the theory, with arbitrary sources, we derive certain constraints imposed by the second order equations on first order perturbations, thus restricting the linearized solutions that could be continued to the full non-linear theory. Naive linearized solutions fail to satisfy the above constraints. (5) Finally, we clarify in detail subtleties associated with the boundary conditions and analytic properties of the Green's functions.

KW - Cosmological applications of theories with extra dimensions

KW - Cosmological perturbation theory

KW - Gravity

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U2 - 10.1088/1475-7516/2006/08/012

DO - 10.1088/1475-7516/2006/08/012

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:42749099325

SN - 1475-7516

JO - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

JF - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

IS - 8

M1 - 012

ER -