Phenomenology of quantum turbulence in superfluid helium

Ladislav Skrbek, David Schmoranzer, Simon Midlik, Katepalli R. Sreenivasan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Quantum turbulence-the stochastic motion of quantum fluids such as 4He and 3He-B, which display pure superfluidity at zero temperature and two-fluid behavior at finite but low temperatures-has been a subject of intense experimental, theoretical, and numerical studies over the last half a century. Yet, there does not exist a satisfactory phenomenological framework that captures the rich variety of experimental observations, physical properties, and characteristic features, at the same level of detail as incompressible turbulence in conventional viscous fluids. Here we present such a phenomenology that captures in simple terms many known features and regimes of quantum turbulence, in both the limit of zero temperature and the temperature range of two-fluid behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2018406118
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number16
StatePublished - Mar 31 2021


  • Pure superfluid state
  • Quantum turbulence
  • Two-fluid state
  • Vinen and Kolmogorov turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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