Phonological words in the syntax and in the lexicon: A study of russian prepositions

Maria Gouskova

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Phonological words play a crucial role in phonology, but where exactly they are produced in syntax is not clear. I propose a theory whereby the syntax issues phonological word diacritics to the complex constituents it creates. Additionally, certain morphemes can be specified in the lexicon as possessing these diacritics. The phonology then interprets the diacritics—sometimes it ignores them, and other times it makes phonological words to satisfy language-specific prosodic requirements. The re-sulting theory is demonstrated on the complex patterning of prepositions in Russian. The class of prepositions in Russian has certain syntactic traits in common, but there are many patterns where prepositions diverge according to their phonological word status. There are correlations between morphosyntactic structure and phonological word status: morphologically complex prepositions are always words. On the other hand, the presence of a morphological root, phonological size, and stress do not align with word status. The large range of phonological and morphosyntactic patterns in-volving prepositions in Russian demonstrates the need for an explicit and rich theory of word formation at the phonology-syntax interface.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)161-212
    Number of pages52
    JournalJournal of Slavic Linguistics
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Language and Linguistics
    • Linguistics and Language


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