Physicochemical and mechanical characterization of a fiber-reinforced composite used as frameworks of implant-supported prostheses

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Tiago M.C. Bastos, Adolfo C.O. Lopes, Everardo N.S. de Araujo Júnior, Paulo G. Coelho, Ernesto B. Benalcazar Jalkh, Abbas Zahoui, Estevam A. Bonfante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To characterize the physicochemical and mechanical properties of a milled fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) for implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). Methods: For FRC characterization, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transformed infrared spectrometry, simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were performed. For fatigue testing, 3-unit FRC frameworks were fabricated with conventional (9 mm2 connector area) and modified designs (12 mm2 connector area and 2.5 mm-height lingual extension). A hybrid resin composite was veneered onto the frameworks. FDPs were subjected to step-stress accelerated-life fatigue testing until fracture or suspension. Use level probability Weibull curves at 300 N were plotted and the reliability for 100,000 cycles at 300, 600 and 800 N was calculated. Fractographic analysis was performed by stereomicroscope and SEM. Results: The FRC consisted of an epoxy resin (∼25%) matrix reinforced with inorganic particles and glass fibers (∼75%). Multi-layer continuous regular-geometry fibers were densely arranged in a parallel and bidirectional fashion in the resin matrix. Fatigue analysis demonstrated high probability of survival (99%) for FDPs at 300 N, irrespective of framework design. Conventional FDPs showed a progressive decrease in the reliability at 600 (84%) and 800 N (19%), whereas modified FDPs reliability significantly reduced only at 800 N (75%). The chief failure modes for FRC FDPs were cohesive fracture of the veneering composite on lower loads and adhesive fracture of the veneering composite at higher loads. Significance: Milled epoxy resin matrix reinforced with glass fibers composite resulted in high probability of survival in the implant-supported prosthesis scenario.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e443-e453
JournalDental Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Dental implants
  • Dental materials
  • Dental prosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


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