Physiological variability in the deglutition literature: Hyoid and laryngeal kinematics

Sonja M. Molfenter, Catriona M. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


A literature review was conducted on hyoid and/or laryngeal displacement during swallowing in healthy populations according to several inclusion criteria. Anterior and superior displacement measures of both structures from previously published studies were compiled for meta-analysis. Results showed a large degree of variability across studies for each structure and plane of movement. Potential sources of variation were identified, including statistical, methodological, stimulus-related, and participant-related sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Hyoid
  • Kinematics
  • Larynx
  • Movement
  • Swallowing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing


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