Place-based predictors of HIV viral suppression and durable suppression among heterosexuals in New York city

Kevin A. Jefferson, Laura S. Kersanske, Mary E. Wolfe, Sarah L. Braunstein, Regine Haardörfer, Don C. Des Jarlais, Aimee N.C. Campbell, Hannah L.F. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Scant research has explored place-based correlates of achieving and maintaining HIV viral load suppression among heterosexuals living with HIV. We conducted multilevel analyses to examine associations between United Hospital Fund (UHF)-level characteristics and individual-level viral suppression and durable viral suppression among individuals with newly diagnosed HIV in New York City (NYC) who have heterosexual HIV transmission risk. Individual-level independent and dependent variables came from NYC’s HIV surveillance registry for individuals diagnosed with HIV in 2009–2013 (N = 3,159; 57% virally suppressed; 36% durably virally suppressed). UHF-level covariates included measures of food distress, demographic composition, neighborhood disadvantage and affluence, healthcare access, alcohol outlet density, residential vacancy, and police stop and frisk rates. We found that living in neighborhoods where a larger percent of residents were food distressed was associated with not maintaining viral suppression. If future research should confirm this is a causal association, community-level interventions targeting food distress may improve the health of people living with HIV and reduce the risk of forward transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)864-874
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2019

Keywords

  • Food distress
  • HIV viral suppression
  • New York city
  • heterosexuals
  • place-based predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Place-based predictors of HIV viral suppression and durable suppression among heterosexuals in New York city'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this