Simulation result for protein folding/unfolding is highly dependent on the accuracy of the force field employed. Even for the simplest structure of protein such as a short helix, simulations using the existing force fields often fail to produce the correct structural/thermodynamic properties of the protein. Recent research indicated that lack of polarization is at least partially responsible for the failure to successfully fold a short helix. In this work, we develop a simple formula-based atomic charge polarization model for intraprotein (backbone) hydrogen bonding based on the existing AMBER force field to study the thermal stability of a short helix (2I9M) by replica exchange molecular dynamics simulation. By comparison of the simulation results with those obtained by employing the standard AMBER03 force field, the formula-based atomic charge polarization model gave the helix melting curve in close agreement with the NMR experiment. However, in simulations using the standard AMBER force field, the helix was thermally unstable at the temperature of the NMR experiment, with a melting temperature almost below the freezing point. The difference in observed thermal stability from these two simulations is the effect of backbone intraprotein polarization, which was included in the formula-based atomic charge polarization model. The polarization of backbone hydrogen bonding thus plays a critical role in the thermal stability of helix or more general protein structures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry