Polymer-Assisted Polymorph Transition in Melt-Processed Molecular Semiconductor Crystals

Pallavi Sundaram, Rochelle B. Spencer, Akash Tiwari, St John Whittaker, Trinanjana Mandal, Yongfan Yang, Emma K. Holland, Christopher J. Kingsbury, Mia Klopfenstein, John E. Anthony, Bart Kahr, Sehee Jeong, Alexander G. Shtukenberg, Stephanie Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A previously unreported polymorph of 5,11-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)anthradithiophene (TIPS ADT), Form II, crystallizes from melt-processed TIPS ADT films blended with 16 ± 1 wt % medium density polyethylene (PE). TIPS ADT/PE blends that initially are crystallized from the melt produce twisted TIPS ADT crystals of a metastable polymorph (Form IV, space group P1̅) with a brickwork packing motif distinct from the slipstack packing by solution-processed TIPS ADT crystals (Form I, space group P21/c) at room temperature. When these films were cooled to room temperature and subsequently annealed at 100 °C, near a PE melting temperature of 110 °C, Form II crystals nucleated and grew while consuming Form IV. The growth rate and orientations of Form II crystals were predetermined by the twisting pitch and growth direction of the original banded spherulites in the melt-processed films of the blends. Notably, the Form IV → II transition was not observed during thermal annealing of neat TIPS ADT films without PE. The presence of the mobile PE phase during thermal annealing of TIPS ADT/PE blend films increases the diffusion rate of TIPS ADT molecules, and the rate of nucleation of Form II. Form IV crystals are more conductive but less emissive compared to Form II crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChemistry of Materials
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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