Positive biomechanical effects of titanium oxide for sandblasting implant surface as an alternative to aluminium oxide

Sergio Alexandre Gehrke, Silvio Taschieri, Massimo Del Fabbro, Paulo Guilherme Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to evaluate the physico-chemical properties and the in vivo host response of a surface sandblasted with particles of titanium oxide (TiO2) followed by acid etching as an alternative to aluminium oxide. Thirty titanium disks manufactured in the same conditions as the implants and 24 conventional cylindrical implants were used. Half of the implants had a machined surface (Gcon) while in the other half; the surface was treated with particles of TiO2 followed by acid etching (Gexp). Surface characterization was assessed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), profilometry, and wettability. For the in vivo test, 12 implants of each group were implanted in the tibia of 6 rabbits, and were reverse torque tested after periods of 30 or 60 days after implantation. Following torque, SEM was utilized to assess residual bone-implant contact. The surface characterization by SEM showed a very homogeneous surface with uniform irregularities for Gexp and a small amount of residues of the blasting procedure, while Gcon presented a surface with minimal irregularities from the machining tools. Wettability test showed decreased contact angle for the Gcon relative to the Gexp. The Gexp removal torque at 30 and 60 days was 28.7%, and 33.2% higher relative to the Gcon, respectively. Blasting the surface with particles of TiO2 represents an adequate option for the surface treatment of dental implants, with minimal risk of contamination by the residual debris from the blasting procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral Implantology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2015


  • Alumina
  • Dental implants
  • Implant contamination
  • Surface treatment
  • Titanium micro particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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