Poverty, Stress, and Brain Development: New Directions for Prevention and Intervention

Clancy Blair, C. Cybele Raver

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review


We review some of the growing evidence of the costs of poverty to children's neuroendocrine function, early brain development, and cognitive ability. We underscore the importance of addressing the negative consequences of poverty-related adversity early in children's lives, given evidence supporting the plasticity of executive functions and associated physiologic processes in response to early intervention and the importance of higher order cognitive functions for success in school and in life. Finally, we highlight some new directions for prevention and intervention that are rapidly emerging at the intersection of developmental science, pediatrics, child psychology and psychiatry, and public policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S30-S36
JournalAcademic Pediatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • brain development
  • early childhood
  • executive function
  • infancy
  • parenting
  • poverty
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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