Predicting cognitive control from preschool to lateadolescence and young adulthood

Inge Marie Eigsti, Vivian Zayas, Walter Mischel, Yuichi Shoda, Ozlem Ayduk, Mamta B. Dadlani, Matthew C. Davidson, J. Lawrence Aber, B. J. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this longitudinal study, the proportion of time preschoolers directed their attention away from rewarding stimuli during a delay-of-gratification task was positively associated with efficiency (greater speed without reduced accuracy) at responding to targets in a gono-go task more than 10 years later. The overall findings suggest that preschoolers' ability to effectively direct their attention away from tempting aspects of the rewards in a delay-of-gratification task may be a developmental precursor for the ability to perform inhibitory tasks such as the gono-go task years later. Because performance on the gono-go task has previously been characterized as involving activation of fronto-striatal regions, the present findings also suggest that performance in the delay-of-gratification task may serve as an early marker of individual differences in the functional integrity of this circuitry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-484
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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