Prediction of remission of acute posttraumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims

Edward B. Blanchard, Edward J. Hickling, Catherine A. Forneris, Ann E. Taylor, Todd C. Buckley, Warren R. Loos, James Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

One hundred forty five individuals who sought medical attention as a result of a motor vehicle accident (MVA), and who were initially assessed 1 to 4 months post-MVA, were followed up prospectively for 6 months to determine how many of the 55 with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the 43 with sub-syndromal PTSD would remit and what variables would predict remission. Thirty (55%) of those with initial PTSD had remitted at least in part by 6 months while 67% of those with sub-syndromal PTSD had remitted (and 5% had worsened). Four variables, including severity of initial symptoms, degree of initial physical injury, relative degree of physical recovery by 4 months and whether a close family member suffered a trauma during the follow- up interval, combined to classify 6-month clinical status of 84% of those with initial PTSD secondary to MVAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-234
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • motor vehicle accidents
  • prediction of remission
  • remission of PTSD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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  • Cite this

    Blanchard, E. B., Hickling, E. J., Forneris, C. A., Taylor, A. E., Buckley, T. C., Loos, W. R., & Jaccard, J. (1997). Prediction of remission of acute posttraumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 10(2), 215-234. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024826028483