Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study

David R. Strong, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Martha White, Kevin C. Frissell, Allison Glasser, Lauren Katz, Kristie Taylor, Wilson M. Compton, Kevin P. Conway, Elizabeth Lambert, Heather L. Kimmel, Marushka L. Silveira, Victoria Green, Lynn C. Hull, K. Michael Cummings, Andrew Hyland, Ray Niaura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aims: Building on published work1 establishing concurrent validity of a self-report tobacco dependence (TD) index among users of different tobacco products in Wave 1 (W1) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, the current study examines prospective relationships with tobacco use behaviors to establish predictive validity of the TD index. Hypotheses suggested high levels of W1 TD would be associated with persistent tobacco use at Wave 2 (W2). Participants: A U.S. nationally representative sample of 32,320 adult W1 and W2 interviews focused on 11,615 W1 adults who were current established tobacco users and completed the W2 interview. Findings: Higher TD scores and greater changes in TD scores were associated with greater quantity and frequency of tobacco use at the W2 interview for Cigarette Only (n = 7068), Smokeless (smokeless or snus pouches) Only (n = 772), Cigarette plus E-Cigarette (n = 592), and Multiple Products (n = 1866) users, although not significantly so for E-Cigarette Only (n = 367), Cigar Only (traditional, cigarillo, or filtered) (n = 584), or Hookah Only (n = 366) users. Higher TD was associated with decreased odds of successful quitting for Cigarette and Multiple Product users. Higher TD was associated with increased odds of a quit attempt for those in the Hookah and Multiple Products user groups and was not associated with quit attempts or deceased odds of quit success among exclusive E-Cigarette, Cigar, Smokeless and Cigarette plus E-Cigarette users. Conclusion: Support for the predictive validity of the PATH Study measures of adult TD will enable regulatory investigations of TD across several tobacco products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108134
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume214
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • Longitudinal national survey
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Strong, D. R., Leas, E., Noble, M., White, M., Frissell, K. C., Glasser, A., Katz, L., Taylor, K., Compton, W. M., Conway, K. P., Lambert, E., Kimmel, H. L., Silveira, M. L., Green, V., Hull, L. C., Cummings, K. M., Hyland, A., & Niaura, R. (2020). Predictive validity of the adult tobacco dependence index: Findings from waves 1 and 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study. Drug and alcohol dependence, 214, [108134]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108134