Preliminary efficacy of a computer-based HIV intervention for African-American women

Gina M. Wingood, Josephina J. Card, Deja Er, Julie Solomon, Nikia Braxton, Delia Lang, Puja Seth, Jim Cartreine, Ralph J. Diclemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated the preliminary efficacy of a computer-based HIV intervention to enhance HIV-protective sexual behaviours, based on a randomised controlled trial among 135 African-American women, 21-29 years of age, seeking services at Planned Parenthood in Atlanta, GA.Participants were randomised either to a control session two, 60-minute computer-based HIV intervention sessions administered on a laptop computer that each concluded with a 15-minute small group session or to a control session of general health information including discussion on HIV prevention. Relative to controls, participants in the computer-based HIV intervention were more knowledgeable about HIV/STD prevention and reported higher scores on the measure of condom use self-efficacy at 3 months post-intervention; they also reported a higher percentage of condom-protected sex and were more likely to use condoms consistently for vaginal sex (odds ratio, OR=5.9; p<0.039) and were more likely to use condoms consistently for oral sex (OR=13.83; p<0.037). This relatively brief intervention provides preliminary support that an evidence-based group-based HIV prevention intervention for young African-American women can be adapted to a computer-based HIV intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-234
Number of pages12
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Behaviour change
  • Computer-based
  • HIV prevention
  • HIV prevention intervention
  • Health promotion
  • Sexual risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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