Preparation of nanocrystalline ferroelectric CaBi2Ta 2O9 by citrate gel method

S. P. Gaikwad, Renu Pasricha, V. Ravi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A gel was formed when an aqueous solution of CaCl2, BiCl 3, TaF5 and citric acid in stoichiometric ratio is heated on a water bath. This gel on decomposition at 600°C yielded the nano-crystallites of ternary oxide, CaBi2Ta2O9 (CBT) as confirmed by X-ray diffraction study (XRD). Particle size and morphology was studied by transmission electron spectroscopy (TEM). Ferroelectric hysteresis loop parameters such as remnant polarization (P r) and coercive field (EC) are also determined. TEM investigations revealed that the average particle size of the polycrystalline powder is 40 nm. The room temperature dielectric constant was found to be 90.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-161
Number of pages3
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 15 2005


  • Bismuth
  • Diffraction
  • Electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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