Background-Hypertension-related risk in urban areas may vary from national estimates; however, objective data on prevalence and treatment in local areas are scarce. We assessed hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control among New York City (NYC) adults. Methods and Results-The NYC Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES), modeled on the national HANES, was conducted in 2004 with a representative sample of noninstitutionalized NYC residents ≥20 years of age. Hypertension outcomes were examined with interview and examination data (n=1975). Multiple logistic regression was used to assess factors associated with control among adults with hypertension. We found that 25.6% of NYC adults had hypertension. Blacks had a higher prevalence than whites (32.8% versus 21.1%, P<0.001), as did Hispanics (26.5% versus 21.1%, P<0.05). Foreign-born residents who had lived in the United States for <10 years had lower rates than those who had lived in the United States longer (20.0% versus 27.5%, P<0.05). Among adults with hypertension, 83.0% were diagnosed, 72.7% were treated, and 47.1% had hypertension controlled. Of those treated, 64.8% had hypertension controlled. After adjustment for sociodemographic variables among all adults with treated hypertension, lack of a routine place of medical care was most strongly associated with poor control levels (adjusted odds ratio 0.21, 95% confidence interval 0.07 to 0.66). Among nonelderly adults with treated hypertension, blacks had 4-fold lower odds than whites of having hypertension controlled (adjusted odds ratio 0.24, 95% confidence interval 0.06 to 0.92). Conclusions-In NYC, hypertension is common and frequently uncontrolled. Low levels of control are associated with poor access to care. Racial disparities in prevalence and control are evident among nonelderly adults.
- Blood pressure
- Cardiovascular diseases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine