Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors in Western Alaska Native People: The Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health (WATCH) Study

Stacey E. Jolly, Kathryn R. Koller, Jesse S. Metzger, Gretchen M. Day, Angela Silverman, Scarlett E. Hopkins, Melissa A. Austin, Bernadette Boden-Albala, Sven O E Ebbesson, Bert B. Boyer, Barbara V. Howard, Jason G. Umans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hypertension is a common chronic disease and a key risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. The Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health study consolidates baseline data from four major cohorts residing in the Norton Sound and Yukon-Kuskokwim regions of western Alaska. This consolidated cohort affords an opportunity for a systematic analysis of high blood pressure and its correlates in a unique population with high stroke rates over a wide age range. While the prevalence of hypertension among western Alaska Native people (30%, age-standardized) is slightly less than that of the US general population (33%), cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality in this rural population. The authors found that improvement is needed in hypertension awareness as about two thirds (64%) of patients reported awareness and only 39% with hypertension were controlled on medication. Future analyses assessing risk and protective factors for incident hypertension in this population are indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)812-818
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Jolly, S. E., Koller, K. R., Metzger, J. S., Day, G. M., Silverman, A., Hopkins, S. E., Austin, M. A., Boden-Albala, B., Ebbesson, S. O. E., Boyer, B. B., Howard, B. V., & Umans, J. G. (2015). Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors in Western Alaska Native People: The Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health (WATCH) Study. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 17(10), 812-818. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.12483