The range of unit cell orientations generated at the kink of a bent single crystal poses unsurmountable challenges with diffraction analysis and limits the insight into the molecular-scale mechanism of bending. On a plastically bent crystal of hexachlorobenzene, it is demonstrated here that spatially resolved microfocus infrared spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation can be applied in conjunction with periodic density functional theory calculations to predict spectral changes or to extract information on structural changes that occur as a consequence of bending. The approach reproduces well the observed trends, such as the wall effects, and provides estimations of the vibrational shifts, unit cell deformations, and intramolecular parameters. Generally, expansion of the lattice induces red-shift while compression induces larger blue-shift of the characteristic ν(C-C) and ν(C-Cl) modes. Uniform or non-uniform expansion or contraction of the unit cell of 0.1 Å results in shifts of several cm-1, whereas deformation of the cell of 0.5° at the unique angle causes shifts of <0.5 cm-1. Since this approach does not include parameters related to the actual stimulus by which the deformation has been induced, it can be generalized and applied to other mechanically, photochemically, or thermally bent crystals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry