Identifying, managing, and preventing HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are essential components of women's health care. Biological, sociocultural, and epidemiological risks, including STDs, increase the likelihood that a woman will become infected with HIV. Infection with a STD facilitates the likelihood of infection with HIV, and many of the same risk behaviors and interventions are relevant. Promoting sexual health in the age of HIV/AIDS necessitates the acknowledgment of behavioral and social aspects of sexuality, as well as clinical approaches and skills that support safer and satisfying sexual lives for women. This article reviews the use of sexual and substance use risk assessment, individualized counseling, and risk-reduction strategies for women to improve sexual health.
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