Proof of the Julia-Zee theorem

Joel Spruck, Yisong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is a well accepted principle that finite-energy static solutions in the classical relativistic gauge field theory over the (2 + 1)-dimensional Minkowski spacetime must be electrically neutral. We call such a statement the Julia-Zee theorem. In this paper, we present a mathematical proof of this fundamental structural property.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-356
Number of pages10
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


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